Pregnancy can take a toll on a woman’s body. New aches and pains start to present as the pregnancy progresses. Hormonal changes can affect the state of mind, making trying to relax or relieve stress extremely difficult to impossible, causing more frustration and tensed muscles. Getting a professional therapeutic massage while pregnant is safe and beneficial. Most pregnant women are cleared to get massages after their first trimester. However, talk to your doctor before scheduling a massage if it is a high-risk pregnancy.
Benefits of Therapeutic Massage
A therapeutic massage, known as prenatal massage, generates a peaceful and serene mindset while pregnant. Studies show prenatal massage is beneficial for the mother and baby. Pregnant women who cannot find discomfort/pain relief benefit from prenatal massage. Benefits include:
- Swelling is reduced
- Improved hormone regulation helps reduce instances of low birth weight
- Joint, back, and nerve pain/sciatica is reduced, and function improved
- Headaches lessen in severity and frequency
- Blood and nerve circulation improves
- Sleep cycles improve
- Anxiety, depression, and stress improves
Types of Massage
Safe massages when pregnant. The most common prenatal massage is a Swedish Massage. This massage is gentle but forceful enough to provide the aforementioned benefits. Swedish Massage focuses on the topmost layer of muscle with long strokes incorporating movement of the joints. Avoid deep-tissue massage when pregnant, as this is a more aggressive style of massage.
During pregnancy, posture changes from the added weight. The center of gravity shifts making the spine and back muscles work harder. This regularly makes the muscles achy, sore, and stiff. Prenatal back massage is done while sitting or lying on the side. Long strokes are performed on the muscles, along with gentle kneading. The focus is on the muscles along the spine and the low back. This type of massage is highly beneficial if sciatica is present.
Massaging the neck loosens tight muscles, improves awkward neck posture, alleviates nerve pain, prevents tension headaches, and promotes flexibility. Most therapists will start with the neck and arms while the individual sits up, then lie down to work on the rest of the body.
This type of massage is performed by a licensed chiropractor and/or a physical massage therapist at the direction of a chiropractor. Chiropractic massage therapists have undergone thorough training and always take care to avoid any pressure points or areas that could cause discomfort.
Areas that Are Avoided During Massage
Professional massage therapists know what areas to avoid during therapeutic massage, but it’s also important for the patient. The areas that will be avoided include:
- The pressure points in the wrist and around the ankles. These areas have points that could cause uterine contractions and cervical ripening.
- Around the belly. However, it is recommended to perform gentle, low-pressure massaging at home.
- Around open wounds, rashes, or skin conditions.
Other precautions to take when receiving a massage during pregnancy. The massage therapist should look out for blood clot symptoms or varicose veins. Other precautions to follow:
- Make sure the massage therapist knows you are pregnant before beginning.
- If the massage triggers nausea or discomfort or is not enjoyable, ask to stop.
- Avoid massage tables that have a hole cut out for the belly.
- The recommended method is on the side, supported with proper padding to ensure stability and comfort.
- The massage should be no more than an hour.
- A massage in the first trimester is not recommended.
- Make sure the massage oil is safe.
- Avoid peppermint, rosemary, sage, and thyme oil.
- Massage is not recommended if it is a high-risk pregnancy or:
- High blood pressure
- Severe swelling
- Severe headaches
- Have had a previous preterm birth
- Pregnancy-induced hypertension/PIH
Massage at Home
A trained massage therapist should perform a prenatal therapeutic massage. However, a partner can perform an easy, safe massage at home following a few guidelines.
- Avoid the ankles and the areas around the wrists.
- Avoid the belly and the area around it.
- Back, neck, scalp, and foot rubs are recommended.
- Utilize long gentle strokes with all-natural and safe massage oils or lotions.
- Know the signs and symptoms of blood clots. Pregnant women are more susceptible. These include:
- Discoloration of the affected area.
- Talk to your physician if you have an increased risk for blood clots.
Get a Massage
A prenatal therapeutic massage can improve hormone regulation, help sleep, reduce stress and anxiety, and promote a healthy and optimal delivery.
Diastasis Recti Post-Baby Weight
Pregnancy can cause abdominal muscle separation or diastasis recti.
This happens when the outermost abdominal muscles/rectus abdominis, the muscles from the breastbone to the pubic bone, pull apart from the fibrous attachment point/linea alba. Muscle separation is common after pregnancy, but the degree and location of the separation vary from woman to woman. As the pregnancy progresses, the uterus makes room for the growing baby. This can cause the abdominal – recti muscles to stretch and become flabby. This muscle separation is not linked with complications for the mother or the baby, and it is not a sign of muscle loss.
Hall, Helen, et al. “The effectiveness of complementary manual therapies for pregnancy-related back and pelvic pain: A systematic review with meta-analysis.” Medicine vol. 95,38 (2016): e4723. doi:10.1097/MD.0000000000004723
“Perineal Massage in Pregnancy.” Journal of midwifery & women’s health vol. 61,1 (2016): 143-4. doi:10.1111/jmwh.12427
Schreiner, Lucas, et al. “Systematic review of pelvic floor interventions during pregnancy.” International journal of gynecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics vol. 143,1 (2018): 10-18. doi:10.1002/ijgo.12513
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The information herein on "Therapeutic Massage During Pregnancy" is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional, or licensed physician, and is not medical advice. We encourage you to make your own healthcare decisions based on your research and partnership with a qualified healthcare professional.
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