Sport Injuries Pain Treatment
Sports Injuries occur when participating in sports or physical activities associated with a specific sport, most often due to an accident. Sprains and strains, knee injuries, Achilles tendonitis, and fractures are several examples of frequent injuries. According to Dr. Alex Jimenez, excessive training or improper gear, among other factors, are common causes. Through a collection of articles, Dr. Jimenez summarizes various causes and effects of sports injuries on the athlete.
The most common treatment used for injuries is Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation (RICE).
Avoid activities that may lead to injury.
Ice packs may be put on the injured area, which can decrease swelling and soreness. Ice ought to be implemented for many days, above a towel around the area for 15-20 minutes, four times every day. Never put ice directly on the affected area.
Compression of the wounded region also will help reduce swelling. Elastic wraps, splints, and air cast all work well.
Elevate the injured area above the heart level to reduce pain and swelling.
Steps to follow In Preventing Sports Injuries Include:
- Avoid exercise immediately after a large meal
- Avoid playing when injured or tired.
- Be sure to be physically fit to play.
- Exercises help stretch the muscles, increase flexibility, and reduce soft tissue injuries.
- Follow an exercise program that strengthens the muscles
- Follow warm-up and cool-down exercises before and after sports activity
- Gradually increase exercise level and avoid overdoing the exercise
- Learn All the rules of the game
- Maintain a healthy diet that nourishes the muscles
- Take a long break after playing
- Wear proper protective gear that fits, i.e., elbow guards, eye gear, face masks, mouth guards, and pads, comfortable clothes, and athletic shoes before playing any sports
Common Sports Injuries Include:
Most athletes have experienced a sprained ankle, which typically occurs when the foot turns inward. This turning stretches or tears the ligaments on the outside of the ankle, which are relatively weak.
With an ankle sprain, it’s important to exercise to prevent loss of flexibility and strength and re-injury. Ask a doctor or physical therapist to help with what kinds of exercise to do.
See A Doctor When: Note where the sprain has occurred. High ankle sprains are slower to heal and should be seen by a doctor to make sure the bones in the lower leg did not separate. One way to recognize a high ankle sprain is that it usually causes tenderness above the ankle.
A concussion is defined as an injury to the brain from a blow to the head where the brain is jarred or shaken. Concussions are serious injuries that should not be taken lightly. An athlete who experiences a concussion should seek a certified athletic trainer or a physician with experience treating concussions. Common concussion symptoms can include:
- Delayed Response To Questions
- Slurred Speech
- Sensitivity To Light
An athlete diagnosed with a concussion should never return to sport without being medically cleared by a health care professional trained in concussion evaluation.
Common concussion treatments include rest, a reduced activity that requires mental or physical stress, and slowly increasing physical activities. This is fine, as long as symptoms don’t return.
Pushing off in a side-to-side motion causes strain of the inner thigh muscles or groin.
Common sports with groin injuries.
Compression, ice, and rest will heal most groin injuries. However, returning to full activity too soon can aggravate the groin pull or turn it into a long-term problem.
See Doctor When: A groin pull that has significant swelling should be seen by a doctor.
Three muscles in the back of the thigh from the hamstring. The hamstring can over-stretch by movements, i.e., hurdling, kicking the leg out sharply while running.
Hamstring injuries are slow to heal because of the constant stress applied to the injured tissue from walking. To completely heal can take six to twelve months. Hamstring re-injuries are common because it’s hard for many to stay inactive that long.
Fractures of the femur bone, labral tear, and hip dislocation are common sports injuries that affect the hip. The hip joint is more vulnerable to injury when playing sports. Hip injuries require immediate intervention to avoid complications. Therapy and Rehabilitation programs are recommended following an intervention, in which exercises enhance motions to strengthen the muscles.
The hip flexors are muscles found on the upper front side of the thigh. The main functions of the hip flexors are to lift the knee toward the trunk and assist in moving the leg toward and away from the other leg. The hip flexors can be weak in individuals who sit for long periods at work or become weak and stiff in poor sitting posture. These sports injuries can be caused by sprinting, running inclines, and sports with sudden starts and quick turns.
Common symptoms of a hip flexor strain include pain when raising the leg, i.e., stair climbing and getting in and out of a car, and running activities. When experiencing hip flexor strain, there could be bruising in the front of the upper thigh and groin area.
Hip flexor strain is best treated by rest and icing for 15 to 20 minutes for the first 48 to 72 hours. After the first three recovery days, the injured athlete can then apply heat for 15 to 20 minutes, followed by lying down and performing gentle heel slides and hip flexor stretches.
See A Doctor When: The pain, symptoms, and limited activity are still there after two weeks.
Knee Injury: ACL Tear
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) holds the leg bone to the knee. Sudden stops, weaving sharply in and out, beating defenders, and getting hit from the side can cause a strain or tear in the ACL. A complete tear often makes a dreaded pop sound.
See A Doctor When: If you suspect an ACL injury. ACL tears are potentially the most severe of the common sports injuries. A completely torn ACL usually requires surgery in athletes that wish to remain physically active.
Knee Injury: Patellofemoral Syndrome
Patellofemoral syndrome results from repetitive movement of the kneecap (patella) against the thigh bone (femur), damaging the tissue under the kneecap.
Common sports with Patellofemoral injuries.
One knee or both can be affected.
Patellofemoral pain can take up to six weeks to heal. But It is important to continue low-impact exercise at this time. Working out the quadriceps also helps to relieve pain.
Pains down the front of the lower legs are commonly called “shin splints.” Most commonly brought on by running, especially when starting a more strenuous training program like long runs on paved roads. The pain of shin splints is rarely an actual stress fracture (a small break in shin bone). But one should see a doctor if the pain persists, even with rest. Stress fractures require prolonged rest, usually a month or more to heal.
Rest, ice, and over-the-counter pain medicine are the common form of treatment.
Intense pain in the shoulders when playing baseball, tennis, and gymnastics could result from a torn ligament or shoulder dislocation. These can be caused by overuse or what is known as Repetitive Motion Injury (RMI). Simple pain or acute injuries can be treated with conservative therapy. More serious or chronic injuries could require surgery.
Common Shoulder Injuries:
- Muscle Strain
- Sprains Of Ligaments
The weakest joint of the body is the shoulder, and it takes a great deal of force during sports activities. Shoulder injuries can be caused by a lack of flexibility, strength, or stabilization.
Shoulder injury treatment starts with rest and icing to help with pain and swelling. Pain persists for more than two weeks should be evaluated by a physical therapist or doctor.
Tennis Elbow (Epicondylitis)
Repetitive use of the elbow, i.e., golf or tennis swings, can irritate or make tiny tears in the elbow’s tendons. Epicondylitis is most common in 30-60 year-olds and is usually on the outside of the elbow.
Epicondylitis usually clears up from staying off the tennis court or golf course until the pain improves.
Sports Injury Treatment
The information herein on "Sport Injuries Pain Treatment" is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional, or licensed physician, and is not medical advice. We encourage you to make your own healthcare decisions based on your research and partnership with a qualified healthcare professional.
Our information scope is limited to Chiropractic, musculoskeletal, physical medicines, wellness, contributing etiological viscerosomatic disturbances within clinical presentations, associated somatovisceral reflex clinical dynamics, subluxation complexes, sensitive health issues, and/or functional medicine articles, topics, and discussions.
We provide and present clinical collaboration with specialists from a wide array of disciplines. Each specialist is governed by their professional scope of practice and their jurisdiction of licensure. We use functional health & wellness protocols to treat and support care for the injuries or disorders of the musculoskeletal system.
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Dr. Alex Jimenez DC, MSACP, CIFM*, IFMCP*, ATN*, CCST
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