Share

What is it? How to treat it?

We all have gastrointestinal disturbances, some of them can be mild, and other ones may feel terrible to the point that your quality of life becomes affected. Characterized by abdominal pain and a noticeable modification in bowel habits, irritable bowel syndrome (IBD) is the most common gastrointestinal tract disorder. Irritable bowel syndrome’s prevalence is estimated to be around 12-22%. Patients suffering from IBS are not only affected by gastrointestinal symptoms. Psychological disorders like anxiety and depression commonly follow this disease.

The main disturbances associated with IBS are abdominal pain, bloating, and constipation. Regularly IBS is commonly reported in women and often diagnosed in patients less than 50 years of age.

But what is exactly what happens? The truth is that this syndrome is not fully understood, especially considering that the symptoms and triggers vary in great amounts between patients. In summary, it is believed that the combination of low-grade inflammation, visceral hypersensitivity, motility changes, the microbiome, in addition to food components, are in the midst of the root cause of this illness. Furthermore, the chronic inflammation that accompanies IBS can result in the opening or rupture of tight junctions between the enterocytes, promoting the translocation of proteins or pathogens across the GI lumen.

Strictly talking about food-induced disturbances, a specific type of carbohydrates, labeled fermentable carbohydrates, is identified as IBS’s main trigger. These fermentable carbohydrates are commonly found in foods like dairy products, wheat, and fructose, beans cabbage. Furthermore, the treatment avoids these foods and limits others, like coffee, fatty foods, and alcohol. This type of diet is called FODMAP, fermentable oligo-, di-, and monosaccharides, and polyols.

The implementation of diet consists of an elimination period (4-8 weeks) of food triggers, always supervised and recommended by an experienced healthcare giver. Secondly, the reintroduction phase consists of evaluating signs and symptoms observed during the elimination phase and the consideration of introducing different foods, one at time. Lastly, the maintenance phase depends mostly on what foods were tolerated and which foods should be avoided.

Patients suffering from IBS that consume FODMAP containing food may go through the following process:

1.- In the small bowel, the consumed short-chain carbohydrates, which are osmotically active, increase the water content, therefore exacerbating intestinal transit.

2.- In the colon, these carbohydrates are rapidly fermented, and this process amplifies the gas production, causing distention.

Fermentable Short-chain carbohydrates
Oligosaccharides Wheat, onion, garlic, pulses, and legumes.
Disaccharides Lactose, dairy products
Monosaccharides Fig, honey, fructose.
And And
Polyols Stoned fruit, cauliflower, and xylitol are commonly found in sugar-free gum.
FODMAP diet

Accordingly, the benefits of a low FODMAP diet are reported in numerous research studies. Patients have reported a 68% improvement in gastrointestinal symptoms like abdominal pain and overall improvements in their quality of life. This treatment’s mechanism relies on reducing pro-inflammatory markers such as (ILs) IL-6 and IL-8. Subsequently, it should be mentioned that the FODMAP diet is considered a restrictive diet, and part of those restrictions include oligosaccharides, which could affect the microbiota profile. Hence the lower number of bifidobacteria and Faecalibacterium prausnitzii, in addition to the dairy exclusion, associated with low calcium intake.

So, what can I eat if I am following a low FODMAP diet?
LOW FODMAP
Dairy Butter

Cheeses: cottage, feta, mozzarella, swiss

Lactose-free milk

Tofu/Tempeh

Eggs

Nuts and Seeds Brazil nuts

Chia seeds

Flax seeds

Macadamias

Peanuts

Pecan halves

Pumpkin seeds

Walnuts

Fats and Oils Almond oil

Avocado oil

Butter/ghee

Coconut milk

Olive

Safflower

Sesame oil

Walnut oil

Vegetables Carrots

Chives

Eggplant

Green beans

Kale

Potato

Zucchini

Fruits Blueberries

Cantaloupe

Grapes

Lemon

Oranges

Pineapple

Strawberry

Sweetener Glucose

Maple syrup

Sucrose

Animal protein does not contain carbohydrates. Legumes have moderate to high FODMAP.

In conclusion, a low FODMAP diet is the most common treatment to control IBS’s adverse symptoms. Nevertheless, since it is a restrictive, challenge-based diet, the importance of following the advice of an experienced physician is necessary. It is essential to keep in mind that a balanced, varied, and sufficient diet plays a key role in health maintenance.

Weaver, Kristen Ronn et al. “Irritable Bowel Syndrome.” The American journal of nursing vol. 117,6 (2017): 48-55. doi:10.1097/01.NAJ.0000520253.57459.01

 

Drisko, Jeanne, et al. “Treating irritable bowel syndrome with a food elimination diet followed by food challenge and probiotics.” Journal of the American College of Nutrition 25.6 (2006): 514-522.

Rej, A., et al. “The role of diet in irritable bowel syndrome: implications for dietary advice.” Journal of internal medicine 286.5 (2019): 490-502.

Hayes P, Corish C, O’Mahony E, Quigley EM. A dietary survey of patients with irritable bowel syndrome. J Hum Nutr Diet 2014; 27(Suppl 2): 36– 47.

Tuck, Caroline J., et al. “Food intolerances.” Nutrients 11.7 (2019): 1684.

Institute of Functional Medicine.” Overview of the Low-FODMAP Diet.” IFM (2020)

Post Disclaimer

Professional Scope of Practice *

The information herein on "Irritable Bowel Syndrome." is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional, or licensed physician, and is not medical advice. We encourage you to make your own healthcare decisions based on your research and partnership with a qualified healthcare professional.

Blog Information & Scope Discussions

Our information scope is limited to Chiropractic, musculoskeletal, physical medicines, wellness, contributing etiological viscerosomatic disturbances within clinical presentations, associated somatovisceral reflex clinical dynamics, subluxation complexes, sensitive health issues, and/or functional medicine articles, topics, and discussions.

We provide and present clinical collaboration with specialists from a wide array of disciplines. Each specialist is governed by their professional scope of practice and their jurisdiction of licensure. We use functional health & wellness protocols to treat and support care for the injuries or disorders of the musculoskeletal system.

Our videos, posts, topics, subjects, and insights cover clinical matters, issues, and topics that relate to and support, directly or indirectly, our clinical scope of practice.*

Our office has made a reasonable attempt to provide supportive citations and has identified the relevant research study or studies supporting our posts. We provide copies of supporting research studies available to regulatory boards and the public upon request.

We understand that we cover matters that require an additional explanation of how it may assist in a particular care plan or treatment protocol; therefore, to further discuss the subject matter above, please feel free to ask Dr. Alex Jimenez DC or contact us at 915-850-0900.

We are here to help you and your family.

Blessings

Dr. Alex Jimenez DC, MSACP, CCST, IFMCP*, CIFM*, ATN*

email: coach@elpasofunctionalmedicine.com

Licensed in: Texas & New Mexico*

Dr. Alex Jimenez DC, MSACP, CIFM*, IFMCP*, ATN*, CCST
My Digital Business Card

Published by

Recent Posts

Motorcycle Crash Injury Rehab: EP’s Chiropractic Team

Injuries after a motorcycle crash include contusions, skin abrasions, soft tissue injuries to tendons, ligaments,… Read More

March 31, 2023

Sleep Affects Gut Health: EP’s Functional Chiropractic Clinic

Viruses, bacteria, fungi, and protozoa are the microorganisms that naturally live in the digestive tract.… Read More

March 30, 2023

Groin Strain & The MET Technique

Introduction The muscles surrounding the hips in the lower extremities provide stability to the lumbar spine and… Read More

March 30, 2023

Peroneal Nerve Injury: EP’s Chiropractic Team

A peroneal nerve injury/peroneal neuropathy can be caused by direct trauma to the outer knee… Read More

March 29, 2023

Increased Temperature and Circulation: EP’s Chiropractic Team

Massage is part of integrative medicine and can be used for various medical conditions. In… Read More

March 28, 2023

Spring Allergy Tips: EP’s Chiropractic Team

Spring allergies are reactions by an individual's immune system to flowering buds, blooming trees, pet… Read More

March 27, 2023