Hypothyroidism Diagnosed in Children | Wellness Clinic


Hypothyroidism is the most common kind of thyroid disorder in children. It occurs when the thyroid gland is underactive and doesn’t produce enough thyroid hormone to satisfy the needs of the body.


Why is thyroid health important for children?


Thyroid function is essential for children and infants, whose bodies and brains rely on adequate levels of thyroid hormone. Hypothyroidism can result in disability and development failure. Congenital hypothyroidism, which is present at birth, and acquired hypothyroidism, which develops after birth, usually during late childhood or adolescence.


Congenital hypothyroidism


Congenital hypothyroidism affects 1 in 1,500-3,000 babies in the U.S. every year. Approximately, 10 to 20 percent of the time it is inherited, although the illness has been recorded to occur for no known reason.


The disease can result from insufficient maternal iodine consumption during pregnancy, but that is rare in the U.S., where dietary iodine is usually sufficient (iodine is added to table salt and can be present in seafood and milk). Rarely, medications for treating overactive thyroid may lead to congenital hypothyroidism, although the condition resolves without any effects. Still, it’s important for women to get their own thyroid function checked during pregnancy.


Congenital hypothyroidism is among the most common and preventable causes of cognitive disability. Since most newborns show no indications of it, the condition is normally detected during routine newborn screening, which will be mandatory at U.S. hospitals. Checks for congenital hypothyroidism and a number of other congenital disorders. Parents who choose home birth should be sure to secure the screening for their newborns.


Blood samples may show low levels of T4 (thyroxine), a hormone secreted from the thyroid, and/or high levels of TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone), which is released by the pituitary gland.


If the identification is supported through thyroid evaluations, teens have to be treated as rapidly as possible with synthetic thyroid gland, which should be provided as a pill. It should not be given with soy formula or calcium or iron supplements, which may decrease absorption of replacement hormone. Thyroid hormone replacement should also not be given in liquid form, which is unstable.


Most babies will have to take replacement hormone for the rest of their lives, but around 30 percent only require treatment for the first 3 decades of life and might have a transient form. In all cases, checkups and early treatment with a pediatric endocrinologist are important to help ensure normal growth and mind development. Children with congenital hypothyroidism are monitored during the first few years of existence.


Some data have revealed that the prevalence of congenital hypothyroidism is 100 percent higher in Hispanic newborns and 44 percent higher in Asians. The prevalence has also been proven to be 30 percent lower in newborns compared to whites. Infants with Down syndrome include a 10-fold increased incidence of congenital hypothyroidism.


Acquired Hypothyroidism


Acquired hypothyroidism develops during late childhood or adolescence, typically after arrival. The condition is common, affecting 1 in 1,250 kids. About 4.6 percent of the U.S. population age 12 and older has hypothyroidism, as stated by the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES?III).


Hormones produced by the thyroid perform several functions during youth including regulating metabolism and maintaining normal growth and bone growth.


Acquired hypothyroidism in children and teens’ usual cause is an autoimmune disorder called Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, in which the thyroid is attacked by the immune system, interfering with an gland’s ability and causing inflammation. (Hashimoto’s is also the chief cause of hypothyroidism in adults at the U.S.)


Less frequently, Candida can originate from the thyroid or from the pituitary, in case the gland fails to produce enough thyroid gland. Certain medications (like lithium) can decrease thyroid hormone production, and too much or too little iodine in the diet can lead to hypothyroidism, as can radiation exposure and infiltrative disease.


Some children are at greater risk for example those with disorders like Down syndrome of Hashimoto’s; people having other diseases like type 1 diabetes; and people who have received radiation for cancer therapy. Hashimoto’s runs in families and can be more prevalent in females than men.


The others appear only in kids while some symptoms of Hashimoto’s in older children and adolescents are similar to those in adults. These include slowed rate of growth, delayed puberty and delayed tooth development. Another common sign is an enlarged thyroid gland (goiter). Studies have shown that there is an obvious goiter found in nearly 40 percent of kids with autoimmune thyroiditis.


Hypothyroidism symptoms which children and adolescents have with adults in common include: fatigue, constipation, rough, dry skin and hair, and weight gain, even though the majority of weight gain experienced by adolescents and children isn’t due to thyroid disease.


Acquired hypothyroidism can be diagnosed with blood tests. Usually TSH levels are high and T4 levels are low. Both levels are low. Normal ranges for T4 and TSH are somewhat different in children than in adults, so it is important to speak with a pediatric endocrinologist.


Just like congenital hypothyroidism, obtained hypothyroidism is treated typically in the form of a once-daily pill. Side effects may include difficulty falling asleep, headache and restless sleep and result from overtreatment.


There’s no cure for either kind of hypothyroidism but hormone replacement is considered safe and effective. With appropriate use of drugs and intimate follow-up using a pediatric endocrinologist, children can expect to live a healthy life. Kids might be monitored more frequently if there are concerns about their adhering to the pill regimen.


The scope of our information is limited to chiropractic and spinal injuries and conditions. To discuss options on the subject matter, please feel free to ask Dr. Jimenez or contact us at 915-850-0900


By Dr. Alex Jimenez


Additional Topics: Wellness


Overall health and wellness are essential towards maintaining the proper mental and physical balance in the body. From eating a balanced nutrition as well as exercising and participating in physical activities, to sleeping a healthy amount of time on a regular basis, following the best health and wellness tips can ultimately help maintain overall well-being. Eating plenty of fruits and vegetables can go a long way towards helping people become healthy.






Post Disclaimer

Professional Scope of Practice *

The information herein on "Hypothyroidism Diagnosed in Children | Wellness Clinic" is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional or licensed physician and is not medical advice. We encourage you to make healthcare decisions based on your research and partnership with a qualified healthcare professional.

Blog Information & Scope Discussions

Our information scope is limited to Chiropractic, musculoskeletal, acupuncture, physical medicines, wellness, contributing etiological viscerosomatic disturbances within clinical presentations, associated somatovisceral reflex clinical dynamics, subluxation complexes, sensitive health issues, and/or functional medicine articles, topics, and discussions.

We provide and present clinical collaboration with specialists from various disciplines. Each specialist is governed by their professional scope of practice and their jurisdiction of licensure. We use functional health & wellness protocols to treat and support care for the injuries or disorders of the musculoskeletal system.

Our videos, posts, topics, subjects, and insights cover clinical matters, issues, and topics that relate to and directly or indirectly support our clinical scope of practice.*

Our office has reasonably attempted to provide supportive citations and has identified the relevant research studies supporting our posts. We provide copies of supporting research studies available to regulatory boards and the public upon request.

We understand that we cover matters that require an additional explanation of how it may assist in a particular care plan or treatment protocol; therefore, to further discuss the subject matter above, please feel free to ask Dr. Alex Jimenez, DC, or contact us at 915-850-0900.

We are here to help you and your family.


Dr. Alex Jimenez DC, MSACP, RN*, CCST, IFMCP*, CIFM*, ATN*


Licensed as a Doctor of Chiropractic (DC) in Texas & New Mexico*
Texas DC License # TX5807, New Mexico DC License # NM-DC2182

Licensed as a Registered Nurse (RN*) in Florida
Florida License RN License # RN9617241 (Control No. 3558029)
Compact Status: Multi-State License: Authorized to Practice in 40 States*

Presently Matriculated: ICHS: MSN* FNP (Family Nurse Practitioner Program)

Dr. Alex Jimenez DC, MSACP, RN* CIFM*, IFMCP*, ATN*, CCST
My Digital Business Card

Recent Posts

Mastering the Pilates Neutral Spine: Benefits and Technique

For individuals wanting to try Pilates for back pain and exercise, can learning how to… Read More

May 24, 2024

Maintaining Endurance: The Secret to Sustained Activity

Can increasing endurance help individuals who want to improve their physical abilities or extend the… Read More

May 23, 2024

The Role of Nucleus Pulposus in Spinal Shock Absorption

Can understanding the nucleus pulposus help in body positioning and prevention for individuals wanting to… Read More

May 22, 2024

A Clinical Approach to Recognizing HIV: What You Need to Know

How do healthcare professionals provide a clinical approach to recognizing HIV for individuals in pain… Read More

May 22, 2024

Treating Muscle Contracture: Restoring Flexibility and Function

Can physical therapies help relieve muscle contractures in individuals who have endured prolonged bed rest,… Read More

May 21, 2024

The Power of Kimchi: A Nutritional Superfood

Can kimchi benefit individuals trying to incorporate more fermented foods into their diet? Kimchi Kimchi… Read More

May 20, 2024