A joint is where two bones meet. The two sacroiliac or SI joints connect the spine, pelvis, and hips. This strong joint balances and transmits stress from the upper body to the pelvis and legs. The joints can suffer a sprain causing pain and discomfort symptoms. There can also be the feeling of tightness wrapping around the waist and dull aching across the low back as the surrounding muscles tighten up as a form of protection, also known as muscle guarding. A correct diagnosis is vital to avoid any potentially serious complications. Chiropractors are experts on neuromusculoskeletal problems and can treat, heal, and strengthen the body through various MET, mobilization, and manipulation techniques.
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The main function is to balance the upper and lower body forces. The sacroiliac joints are surrounded by muscle, connective tissue, nerves designed to withstand large stresses and a complex system of ligaments, further strengthening the joints.
Sacroiliac sprains can be caused by direct trauma to the pelvis from a fall or automobile collision or jobs and sports that involve a lot of bending and twisting. However, sometimes there is no distinct cause. Common causes include:
Excessive stress on the joint can cause microscopic damage to the ligaments surrounding the joint. The joint then becomes inflamed and presents with pain and sensations of discomfort. The body responds by contracting the muscles to prevent further damage. However, the muscle spasms may not stop, resulting in more pain. Referred pain is common from the muscles that go into spasm, with the most affected being the piriformis, gluteal/buttock, and psoas muscles.
Chiropractic treatment will relieve the pain symptoms, but there are stages of treatment, each with specific goals before moving to the next.
BIDWELL, A M. “Treatment of sacroiliac sprain by manipulation.” The Medical World vol. 65,1 (1947): 14-6.
Evans, P. “Sacroiliac sprain.” American family physician vol. 48,8 (1993): 1388; author replies 1390.
LeBlanc, K E. “Sacroiliac sprain: an overlooked cause of back pain.” American family physician vol. 46,5 (1992): 1459-63.
Sun, Chao, et al. “Cost and outcome analyses on the timing of first independent medical evaluation in patients with a work-related lumbosacral sprain.” Journal of Occupational and environmental medicine vol. 49,11 (2007): 1264-8. doi:10.1097/JOM.0b013e318156ecdb
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