Spine Care

Back Pain Relating to Different Regions of the Spine


Many people frequently seek medical attention to treat symptoms of back pain. Approximately three in four adults will experience some sort of back pain throughout their lifetime. Back pain is identified as a painful symptom which originates along the spine.

Back Pain Regions: The symptoms can often vary from acute to chronic back pain. Acute back pain is characterized as severe but temporary pain. Chronic back pain generally occurs on a daily basis and can go on for an extended period. Some individuals may experience severe symptoms, while others may experience mild, deep, achy, burning, or electric-like symptoms. These symptoms are typically manifested in conditions such as lumbar radiculopathy.

Back Pain Regions Symptoms

Back pain can accompany various other symptoms, including tingling sensations, numbness, stiffness, achiness, and weakness. Some physical activities may also aggravate back pain. Sitting, walking, standing, bending over, and twisting at the waist are several types of movements that can worsen symptoms of back pain. The symptoms may vary depending on the regions of the spine affected and the diagnosis or cause.

Many healthcare professionals specializing in back pain can help diagnose the source of the individualโ€™s symptoms. The spine is divided into several regions, the thoracic, lumbar, lumbosacral, or sacrum. Back pain symptoms may differ depending on which area of the spine is affected.

  • The thoracic spine is the upper and mid areas of the back, where the ribs attach to the spinal column.
  • The lumbar spine refers to the low back.
  • The lumbosacral is the low back, sacrum, and tailbone, also known as the coccyx.
  • The sacrum refers to the part of the spine that is located at the back of the pelvis.

The spine is a complex structure consisting of different regions. Approximately 17 vertebral bones are extending between the upper back and tailbone, joints, the sacrum, and the tailbone. The spine is also surrounded by fibrous and muscular supporting structures, intervertebral discs, the spinal cord and nerve roots, and blood vessels. An injury such as a back sprain or strain caused by improperly lifting and twisting simultaneously can often be a cause for back pain.

However, not all forms of back pain are caused by trauma or injury. Many back issues are congenital, meaning they occur at birth, and are degenerative, age-related, and disease-related. They may also be associated with improper posture, obesity, or unhealthy lifestyle habits like smoking. In some instances, back pain symptoms may be worse than the actual injury or condition. Moreover, when should you seek medical attention for back pain?

  • If you cannot stand upright.
  • Fever accompanies pain.
  • There is loss of bladder or bowel function or control
  • Leg pain and/or weakness progressively worsen.
  • And the pain is relentless or worsens.

Many patients with back pain have described feeling afraid and anxious, which is often a normal symptom that can manifest with complications. Most people who experience upper, low, or lower back pain, even down into one or both legs, will know when itโ€™s time to seek medical care.

What to Expect from a Healthcare Specialist

Whether your back pain is mild or severe, temporary or chronic, and whether the symptoms require urgent medical care or not, make sure to seek medical attention to receive a proper diagnosis for your back pain. Once youโ€™ve visited your healthcare provider, below is what you can expect from them.

  • A review of your medical history, including the medical history of immediate family members, to determine if theyโ€™ve also had back issues. Some back problems, such as scoliosis and osteoporosis, may develop genetically.
  • A full discussion of when back pain started, what you were doing when it began, current pain severity and characteristics, how pain may have changed since it began, and other similar questions. Your doctor wants to learn more about your pain and symptoms before examining you.
  • The physical examination evaluates your vital signs, such as your heart rate. It is not unusual for your blood pressure to be elevated due to pain. The doctor examines your spine, feeling for abnormalities and areas of tenderness.
  • A neurological examination will involve assessing sensation and function. The doctor may employ the pin prick test to determine if the feeling is the same on both sides of the body. Function, flexibility, and range of motion are also evaluated while you walk, bend forward and backward, and during other movements. The doctor may also test your reflexes as well.

After a thorough examination, the healthcare professional may be able to determine the source of your back pain and other symptoms. To obtain more information about your specific back issue and to help confirm the diagnosis, the doctor may order an x-ray, CT scan, or MRI. Sometimes lab tests are ordered too. Remember that an accurate diagnosis is essential to a well-developed treatment plan.

Additional Topics: What is Chiropractic?

Chiropractic care is a well-known, alternative treatment option utilized to prevent, diagnose and treat various injuries and conditions associated with the spine, primarily subluxations or spinal misalignments. Chiropractic focuses on restoring and maintaining the overall health and wellness of the musculoskeletal and nervous systems. Through the use of spinal adjustments and manual manipulations, a chiropractor, or doctor of chiropractic, can carefully re-align the spine, improving a patientโ€™s strength, mobility, and flexibility.

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Professional Scope of Practice *

The information herein on "Back Pain Relating to Different Regions of the Spine" is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional or licensed physician and is not medical advice. We encourage you to make healthcare decisions based on your research and partnership with a qualified healthcare professional.

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Our information scope is limited to Chiropractic, musculoskeletal, acupuncture, physical medicines, wellness, contributing etiological viscerosomatic disturbances within clinical presentations, associated somatovisceral reflex clinical dynamics, subluxation complexes, sensitive health issues, and/or functional medicine articles, topics, and discussions.

We provide and present clinical collaboration with specialists from various disciplines. Each specialist is governed by their professional scope of practice and their jurisdiction of licensure. We use functional health & wellness protocols to treat and support care for the injuries or disorders of the musculoskeletal system.

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Our office has reasonably attempted to provide supportive citations and has identified the relevant research studies supporting our posts. We provide copies of supporting research studies available to regulatory boards and the public upon request.

We understand that we cover matters that require an additional explanation of how it may assist in a particular care plan or treatment protocol; therefore, to further discuss the subject matter above, please feel free to ask Dr. Alex Jimenez, DC, or contact us at 915-850-0900.

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Dr. Alex Jimenez DC, MSACP, RN*, CCST, IFMCP*, CIFM*, ATN*

email: coach@elpasofunctionalmedicine.com

Licensed as a Doctor of Chiropractic (DC) in Texas & New Mexico*
Texas DC License # TX5807, New Mexico DC License # NM-DC2182

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Dr. Alex Jimenez DC, MSACP, RN* CIFM*, IFMCP*, ATN*, CCST
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